Most Effective Brightening Facial Procedures for Hyperpigmentation and Melasma
Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin caused by overproduction of melanin, which gives skin its color. Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that causes brown to gray-brown patches on the skin. The more often occur in people of color, especially women, but are not uncommon in people of all skin tones.
What causes hyperpigmentation and melasma?
Primary causes of hyperpigmentation among people of color include:
- Adult acne
- Skin injuries
- Hormonal imbalances and fluctuations in hormones
- Certain diseases and medications
- Excessive sun exposure
The causes of melasma are less well known, but it is often associated with hormonal changes, childbirth and the use of birth control pills.
What treatments are available?
Treatments vary according to the source and type of the condition, and include:
What is a chemical peel and what is it used for?
A chemical peel involves applying a chemical, such as retinol or alpha-hydroxy acid to the skin, so the upper layers are affected, after which they peel away and are shed, revealing fresh, new, healthy skin. It is most often used on sun-damaged, aging, or unevenly-toned skin. Chemical peels are available in three “strengths” to reach just the top layer of skin, down to the next layer of skin and, finally, the deepest layer. You may discover that a mild peel performed more frequently will achieve a dramatic degree of facial rejuvenation.
What is microdermabrasion and what is it used for?
Microdermabrasion uses a wand and mild abrasive to remove imperfections in the top layer of skin. This reduces the look of fine lines and wrinkles and stimulates blood flow and new collagen growth.
What is dermaplaning and what is it used for?
Gently using a scalpel, the top layer of skin is skillfully exfoliated to remove dead skin cells, minor imperfections, and fine facial hairs. It is painless and a perfect natural solution for skincare for pregnant or nursing mothers or any person who wants a very natural facial rejuvenation treatment.
What is microneedling (DermaFrac) and what is it used for?
Microneedling, also called collagen induction therapy, a microneedling infusion system that allows for delivery of skin enhancing nutrients while triggering enhanced collagen production. A no downtime procedure, this advanced microneedling device produces a remarkable level of skin rejuvenation.
What is LED light therapy and what is it used for?
Green LED light targets melanin-producing cells at the very bottom of the epidermis and prevents them from moving to the surface. Red light energy treats the outer skin layer, stimulating collagen production for smoother, fuller skin. Blue light is an effective treatment for oily acne-prone skin. Why not take advantage of the natural healing power of light energy at Flawless Skin by Abby? It’s a beautiful thing.